Poor and inadequate nutrition, in addition to prolonged pressure on the skin, can put you at risk and can impair healing. The body needs energy, protein (which includes the conditionally essential amino acids arginine and glutamine), zinc, and vitamins A, C, and E during the wound healing process. Not getting proper nutrition can also affect the body’s ability to fight infection.
Good sources of protein include eggs, chicken, lean beef, fish, and low-fat dairy. If you don’t eat meat, good sources of plant-based protein include legumes, soy foods, nuts, seeds, and nut butters.
Carbohydrates provide energy. Make sure you’re choosing whole-grain options like whole-grain breads and pastas. Fruits and vegetables, including leafy greens, are also a good choice. Avoid foods with refined and added sugars.2
Bottom line: Eat healthy and stay hydrated, as it can help you reduce the risk of pressure injuries and help the healing process.